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Infant angioma is a benign lesion consisting of a compact cluster of blood vessels. To treat it, a new treatment should be available soon. Professor Vincent Couloigner, otorhinolaryngologist at the Necker-Children's Hospital of Paris, tells us more. (News of the 10/03/10)
What is angioma?
- Infant angioma (or immature capillary haemangioma) is a benign lesion consisting of a compact cluster of small, proliferating blood vessels. The angioma begins with a small white or red spot and evolves into a swelling that resembles a strawberry or raspberry.
A new treatment to treat angioma
High hopes rest on a beta-blocker (a drug used in cardiology to reduce or block the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart). This is Propranolol, a treatment traditionally used in infants in cardiovascular indications.
- Its spectacular efficiency was recently shown by a medical team from Bordeaux. Its action would reduce blood flow in the angioma. Propranolol is taken by mouth and has few side effects: some sleep disorders, a drop in blood pressure without consequences.
- Only condition to start treatment : have done an electrocardiogram beforehand. The decrease of the volume of the angioma and the change of its color go from a few hours to a few days. A more or less complete regression occurs in two to three months.
- However, it is recommended to continue treatment until the end of the presumed growth of the angioma, that is to say 1 year, at the rate of two taken per day. Already several hundred children in the world have been successfully treated. Ultimately, Propranolol should become the gold standard treatment for toddlers.
Interviewed by Maryse Damiens.
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