If the splinter is accessible, try removing it with tweezers. If it has broken inside the skin, clean by soaking your hand or foot in a Dakin solution several times a day. If the injured area becomes red and painful, consult your doctor. To discover :
Category First aid
If the injury is slight, press it with a finger for a few minutes, disinfect and apply a bandage. If there is a deep wound, quickly remove all surface debris, put a tampon, tissue or bandage, and press hard for a good five minutes. Consult the nearest emergency service.
Among the most harmful, we find concentrated bleach, soda, solvents. The throat of the child as its digestive tract can be burned by ingestion of a caustic product. Notify rescue immediately. Do not give your child anything to drink, not even milk. Remember to keep the product packaging.
A few moments of inattention are enough for a child to swallow a drug that is not intended for him. Call the Poison Control Center or SAMU (15) immediately for instructions. Indicate the product concerned, the quantity swallowed, the symptoms and the weight of your child.
The most effective treatment is to apply very cold water or to wrap ice cubes in a clean cloth and put it on the bump for a few minutes. Then apply a decongestant ointment by massaging so that the product penetrates better. To facilitate the resorption of the hump, you can use homeopathic granules (arnica).
Many circumstances can cause a small drop in temperature to 36.5 ° C or 36 ° C (fatigue, cold, taking antipyretics ...). During mild hypothermia, the child is shivering. His skin is cold and the ends of his limbs cyanotic. In this case, simply warm it up by covering it with warm clothes and give it hot drinks.
Red plaque that forms in response to cold and moisture, causing itching. Frostbite is usually located on the ankles, hands and feet and on the back of the legs. They disappear in two or three weeks without medical treatment. To avoid them, choose loose clothes and do not neglect the protections during the winter (warm socks and gloves).
In the absence of wound, and if the area is a little red, put your finger under cold water for a good ten minutes. This calms the pain and prevents the formation of a hematoma. On the other hand, if the finger swells and the nail becomes blue, consult a doctor to check for the presence or absence of a fracture.
Plain and clean wound that cuts the skin. Two actions are essential: clean the damaged area with an antiseptic and remove all foreign objects (pieces of shells, glass ...). Once the wound is clean, you can put a dressing, to change every day, monitoring the progress of healing.
Temperature regulation does not yet work perfectly in the infant, any rise in the outside temperature can cause fever. So be careful not to leave a baby in an overheated atmosphere. A child suffering from heat stroke becomes sleepy, depressed or otherwise agitated, irritable.
If your child is required to have an infusion or stitches, he or she should be able to benefit from the application of anesthetic cream (EMLA) and the inhalation of a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide (MEOPA ). Parents to inquire about the means proposed by the institution to which they are addressed.
A coin, a ball can be inadvertently introduced into your child's body. Most often, it will be safely evacuated in the stool one to four days later. If the object gets stuck in the trachea, try the unclogging maneuvers (see Heimlich maneuver) or call the UMA immediately (15).
In the case of a small burn, place the burned area under cold water for at least ten minutes. If a simple erythema occurs, apply a healing cream (Biafine type) in a thick layer. On the other hand, if blisters appear, do not touch anything and consult quickly. Clothing should be removed immediately unless it is synthetic and adhere to the skin.
Wash the tooth in your saliva or your child's saliva and then quickly put it in its original hole (only if it is a definitive tooth). Consult a dentist as soon as possible. Rapid reimplantation, ie within half an hour, can increase the chances of survival of the tooth.
During the first years of life, falls are among the most common accidents, especially when learning to walk. The disturbing signs are vomiting, bleeding from the nose or ear, the impossibility of moving a limb. In the event of a fall on the head, surveillance is required for the next twenty-four hours.